First Grade

First Grade Curriculum


  • Penmanship – engage in the writing process and write to communicate ideas and experiences

  • Listening and Speaking – effectively apply listening and speaking strategies

Information and Media Literacy

  • Informational Text – comprehend the wide array of informational text that is part of our day to day experiences
  • Research Process – use a systematic process for the collection, processing, and presenting of information
  • Media Literacy – develop and demonstrate an understanding of media literacy as a life skill that is integral to informed decision making
  • Technology – develop the essential technology skills for using and understanding conventional and current tools, materials, and processes


  • Develop understandings of addition and subtraction strategies for basic addition facts and related subtraction facts
  • Develop an understanding of whole number relationships, including grouping by tens and ones
  • Compose and decompose geometric shapes
  • Algebra - extend repeating and growing patterns, fill in missing terms, and justify reasoning
  • Geometry and Measurement
    • Measure by using iterations of a unit and count the unit measures by grouping units
    • Compare and order objects according to descriptors of length, weight and capacity
  • Number and Operations
    • Use mathematical reasoning and beginning understanding of tens, and ones, including the use of invented strategies, to solve two-digit addition and subtraction problems
    • Solve routine and non-routine problems by acting them out, using manipulative, and drawing diagrams


  • Reading Process
    • Concept of Print - demonstrate knowledge of the concept of print and how it is organized and read
    • Phonemic awareness - demonstrate phonemic awareness
    • Phonics/Word Analysis - demonstrate knowledge of the alphabetic principle and apply grade level phonics skills to read text
    • Fluency - demonstrate the ability to read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate and expression
    • Vocabulary Development – use multiple strategies to develop grade appropriate vocabulary
    • Reading Comprehension – use a variety of strategies to comprehend grade level text
  • Literacy Analysis
    • Fiction – identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the elements of a variety of fiction and literary texts to develop a thoughtful response to a literary selection
    • Nonfiction – identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the elements of a variety of nonfiction, informational, and expository texts to demonstrate an understanding of the information presented


  • Nature of Matter
    • Understand all matter has observable and measurable properties
    • Understand the basic principles of atomic theory
  • Energy
    • Recognize that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency
    • Understand the interaction of matter and energy
  • Force and Motion
    • Understand that types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted
    • Understand that the types of force can be described, measured, and predicted
  • Processes that Shape the Earth
    • Recognize that processes in the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere interact to shape the Earth
    • Understand the need for protection of the natural systems on Earth
  • Earth & Space
    • Understand the interaction and organization in the Solar System and the universe and how this affects life on Earth
    • Recognize the vastness of the universe and the Earth’s place in it
  • Processes of Life
  • How Living Things Interact with Their Environment
  • The Nature of Science

Social Studies

  • History - Time, Continuity, and Change
    • Understand historical chronology and historical perspective
    • Understand the world from its beginning to the time of the Renaissance
    • Understand Western and Eastern civilization since the Renaissance
    • Understand U.S. history from 1880 to the present day
  • Geography – People, Places, and Environments
    • Understand the world in spatial terms
    • Understands the interactions of people and the physical environment
  • Civics and Government – Government and the Citizen
    • Understand the structure, function, and purpose of government
    • Understand the role of the citizen in American democracy
  • Economics
    • Understand how scarcity requires individuals and institution to make choices about how to use resources
    • Understand the characteristics of different economic systems and institutions


  • Writing Process
    • Prewriting – use prewriting strategies to generate ideas and formulate a plan
    • Drafting – write a draft appropriate to the topic, audience, and purpose
    • Revising – revise and refine the draft for clarity and effectiveness
    • Editing for Language Conventions – edit and correct the draft for standard language conventions
    • Publishing – write a final product for the intended audience
  • Writing Applications
    • Creative – develop and demonstrate creative writing
    • Informative – develop and demonstrate informative writing that provides information related to real-world tasks
    • Persuasive – develop and demonstrate persuasive writing that is used for the purpose of influencing the reader


    For more information on the standards and curriculum, please visit the 

    OCPS website Parent page.