First Grade

First Grade Curriculum


  • Penmanship – engage in the writing process and write to communicate ideas and experiences
  • Listening and Speaking – effectively apply listening and speaking strategies

Information and Media Literacy

  • Informational Text – comprehend the wide array of informational text that is part of our day to day experiences
  • Research Process – use a systematic process for the collection, processing, and presenting of information
  • Media Literacy – develop and demonstrate an understanding of media literacy as a life skill that is integral to informed decision making
  • Technology – develop the essential technology skills for using and understanding conventional and current tools, materials, and processes


  • Develop understandings of addition and subtraction strategies for basic addition facts and related subtraction facts
  • Develop an understanding of whole number relationships, including grouping by tens and ones
  • Compose and decompose geometric shapes
  • Algebra - extend repeating and growing patterns, fill in missing terms, and justify reasoning
  • Geometry and Measurement
    • Measure by using iterations of a unit and count the unit measures by grouping units
    • Compare and order objects according to descriptors of length, weight and capacity
  • Number and Operations
    • Use mathematical reasoning and beginning understanding of tens, and ones, including the use of invented strategies, to solve two-digit addition and subtraction problems
    • Solve routine and non-routine problems by acting them out, using manipulative, and drawing diagrams


  • Reading Process
    • Concept of Print - demonstrate knowledge of the concept of print and how it is organized and read
    • Phonemic awareness - demonstrate phonemic awareness
    • Phonics/Word Analysis - demonstrate knowledge of the alphabetic principle and apply grade level phonics skills to read text
    • Fluency - demonstrate the ability to read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate and expression
    • Vocabulary Development – use multiple strategies to develop grade appropriate vocabulary
    • Reading Comprehension – use a variety of strategies to comprehend grade level text
  • Literacy Analysis
    • Fiction – identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the elements of a variety of fiction and literary texts to develop a thoughtful response to a literary selection
    • Nonfiction – identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the elements of a variety of nonfiction, informational, and expository texts to demonstrate an understanding of the information presented


  • Nature of Matter
    • Understand all matter has observable and measurable properties
    • Understand the basic principles of atomic theory
  • Energy
    • Recognize that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency
    • Understand the interaction of matter and energy
  • Force and Motion
    • Understand that types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted
    • Understand that the types of force can be described, measured, and predicted
  • Processes that Shape the Earth
    • Recognize that processes in the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere interact to shape the Earth
    • Understand the need for protection of the natural systems on Earth
  • Earth & Space
    • Understand the interaction and organization in the Solar System and the universe and how this affects life on Earth
    • Recognize the vastness of the universe and the Earth’s place in it
  • Processes of Life
  • How Living Things Interact with Their Environment
  • The Nature of Science

Social Studies

  • History - Time, Continuity, and Change
    • Understand historical chronology and historical perspective
    • Understand the world from its beginning to the time of the Renaissance
    • Understand Western and Eastern civilization since the Renaissance
    • Understand U.S. history from 1880 to the present day
  • Geography – People, Places, and Environments
    • Understand the world in spatial terms
    • Understands the interactions of people and the physical environment
  • Civics and Government – Government and the Citizen
    • Understand the structure, function, and purpose of government
    • Understand the role of the citizen in American democracy
  • Economics
    • Understand how scarcity requires individuals and institution to make choices about how to use resources
    • Understand the characteristics of different economic systems and institutions


  • Writing Process
    • Prewriting – use prewriting strategies to generate ideas and formulate a plan
    • Drafting – write a draft appropriate to the topic, audience, and purpose
    • Revising – revise and refine the draft for clarity and effectiveness
    • Editing for Language Conventions – edit and correct the draft for standard language conventions
    • Publishing – write a final product for the intended audience
  • Writing Applications
    • Creative – develop and demonstrate creative writing
    • Informative – develop and demonstrate informative writing that provides information related to real-world tasks
    • Persuasive – develop and demonstrate persuasive writing that is used for the purpose of influencing the reader


    For more information on the standards and curriculum, please visit the OCPS website Parent page at