Second Grade

Second Grade Curriculum


  • Penmanship – engages in the writing process and writes to communicate ideas and experiences
  • Listening and Speaking – effectively apply listening and speaking strategies

Information and Media Literacy

  • Informational Text – comprehends the wide array of informational text that is part of our day to day experience
  • Research Process – use a systematic process for the collection processing and presentation of information
  • Media Literacy – develop and demonstrate an understanding of media literacy as a life skill that is integral to informed decision making
  • Technology – develop the essential technology skills for using and understanding conventional and current tools, material and processes


  • Develop an understanding of base-ten numerations system and place-value concepts
  • Develop quick recall of addition facts and related subtraction facts and fluency with multi-digit addition and subtraction
  • Develop an understanding of linear measurement and facility in measuring lengths
  • Algebra – extend number patterns to build a foundation for understanding multiples and factors, classify numbers as odd or even, numeric and non-numeric, recognize rules for functions that use addition and subtraction
  • Geometry and measurement – wholes and fractions, identify time, value of money, weight/mass and capacity/volume of objects
  • Number and Operations – solve problems that involve repeated addition


  • Reading Process
    • Phonics/Word Analysis – demonstrate knowledge of the alphabetic principle and apply grade level phonics skills to read text
    • Fluency – demonstrate the ability to read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression
    • Vocabulary Development – use multiple strategies to develop grade appropriate vocabulary
    • Reading Comprehension – use a variety of strategies to comprehend grade level text
  • Literary Analysis
    • Fiction – identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the elements of a variety of fiction and literary texts to develop a thoughtful response to a literary selection
    • Nonfiction – identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the elements of a variety of nonfiction, informational, and expository texts to demonstrate an understanding of the information presented


  • Nature of Matter
    • Understand all matter has observable and measurable properties
    • Understand the basic principles of atomic theory
  • Energy
    • Recognize that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency
    • Understand the interaction of matter and energy
  • Force and Motion
    • Understand that types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted
    • Understand that the types of force can be described, measured, and predicted
  • Processes that Shape the Earth
    • Recognize that processes in the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere interact to shape the Earth
    • Understand the need for protection of the natural systems on Earth
  • Earth & Space
    • Understand the interaction and organization in the Solar System and the universe and how this affects life on Earth
    • Recognize the vastness of the universe and the Earth’s place in it
  • Processes of Life
  • How Living Things Interact with Their Environment
  • The Nature of Science

Social Studies

  • History - Time, Continuity, and Change
    • Understand historical chronology and historical perspective
    • Understand the world from its beginning to the time of the Renaissance
    • Understand Western and Eastern civilization since the Renaissance
    • Understand U.S. history from 1880 to the present day
  • Geography – People, Places, and Environments
    • Understand the world in spatial terms
    • Understands the interactions of people and the physical environment
  • Civics and Government – Government and the Citizen
    • Understand the structure, function, and purpose of government
    • Understand the role of the citizen in American democracy
  • Economics
    • Understand how scarcity requires individuals and institution to make choices about how to use resources
    • Understand the characteristics of different economic systems and institutions


  • Writing Process
    • Prewriting – use prewriting strategies to generate ideas and formulate a plan
    • Drafting – write a draft appropriate to the topic, audience, and purpose
    • Revising – revise and refine the draft for clarity and effectiveness
    • Editing for Language Conventions – edit and correct the draft for standard language conventions
    • Publishing – write a final product for the intended audience
  • Writing Applications
    • Creative – develop and demonstrate creative writing
    • Informative – develop and demonstrate informative writing that provides information related to real-world task
    • Persuasive – develop and demonstrate persuasive writing that is used for the purpose of influencing the reader


    For more information on the standards and curriculum, please visit the OCPS website Parent page at